400 Must Have Words for the TOEFL » LESSON 31 - The War on Drugs

Word List
  • addictive [əˈdɪktɪv] adj.
    Making someone want it so much that the person feels ill without it
    Some drugs, like heroin or methamphetamines, are addictive to almost everyone who tries them.
    Parts of speech     addict v., addict n., addiction n.
  • cartel [kɑːˈtel] n.
    A small group controlling a certain area of business
    The world’s major oil producers formed a cartel to control the price and supply of petroleum.
  • concentrated [ˈkɒnsənˌtreɪtʃd] adj.
    Strong because large amounts are in a certain space
    Concentrated lemon juice is very sour,so I mix it with water when I make lemonade.
    Parts of speech     concentrate v., concentration n., concentrate n.
  • interdict [ˈɪntədɪkt] v.
    To keep something from reaching a certain place
    With faster patrol boats, the Coast Guard can more easily interdict drugs being smuggled by sea.
    Parts of speech     interdiction n.
  • juxtapose [ˈdʒʌkstəpəʊz] v.
    Place next to one another
    If you juxtapose these two similar flowers, you can see clear differences between them.
    Parts of speech     juxtaposition n.
  • misconception [ˌmɪskənˈsepʃən] n.
    A mistaken belief
    A common misconception about rabbits is that they are a kind of rodent.
  • modify [ˈmɒdɪfaɪ] v.
    Make small changes in order to get a certain result
    People who live in high mountains often modify their car engines to run well in the thinner air.
    Parts of speech     modification n., modifier n.
  • potent [ˈpəʊtənt] adj.
    Powerful
    A very potent type of marijuana with surprisingly strong effects became available in Burrytown.
    Parts of speech     potency n.
  • residual [rɪˈzɪdjʊəl] adj.
    Left behind after most of a thing has gone
    In the airplane, agents found residual traces of heroin.
    Usage tips     Residual is often followed by trace, amount, or some other word referring to “quantity.”
    Parts of speech     residue n.
  • subtly [ˈsʌtlɪ] adv.
    In a quiet, hard-to-notice way
    By subtly changing the soft drink’s formula, we improved its taste and made production cheaper.
    Parts of speech     subtlety n., subtle adj.

TOEFL Prep I Find the word or phrase that is closest in meaning to each word in the left-hand column. Write the letter in the blank.

______ 1. cartel(a) stop
______ 2. interdict(b) remaining
______ 3. juxtaposed(c) next to
______ 4. residual(d) without drawing attention
______ 5. subtle(e) a kind of group

TOEFL Prep II Circle the word that best completes each sentence.

  1. With a (subtle / residual) nod of his head, the inspector signaled his agents.
  2. Sunlight is a (concentrated / potent) source of energy for electricity generation,but it can be expensive to collect and store.
  3. Things other than drugs can be (addictive / subtle),such as gambling or even television.
  4. A security official tries to (modify / interdict) foreign terrorists before they can enter the country.
  5. Your advertisement created the (misconception / cartel) that everything was on sale for 50 percent off.
Answer Key
TOEFL Prep I
  1. e
  2. a
  3. c
  4. b
  5. d
TOEFL Prep II
  1. subtle
  2. potent
  3. addictive
  4. interdict
  5. misconception
Answer Key

TOEFL Success Read the passage to review the vocabulary you have learned. Answer the questions that follow.

Illegal addictive drugs, like heroin or cocaine, come from plants grown and harvested mostly by poor farmers. Their small farmhouses juxtaposed with the mansions of billionaire drug lords illustrate the unequal payouts to various players in the drug trade.The farmers sell their product cheaply to a drug-distribution cartel that is owned by the drug lords. People working for the cartel then refine the drugs into a concentrated form, or even modify them chemically to make them more potent and therefore more valuable. Other cartel members then transport the drugs to distributors for sale, smuggling them over huge distances, including international borders. Governments try to interdicts mugglers, using both new technology and old (like sniffer dogs) to find residual traces of drugs. Their occasional successes have led to a popular misconception that antidrug campaigns are close to stopping the flow of illegal drugs. On the contrary, as long as drug lords can make vast fortunes in their illegal trade, smugglers will come up with ever-more-subtle ways of concealing their goods, and the War on Drugs goes on.

Bonus StructureBecause this reading describes a system of operations, the word then appears very often.

  1. Who makes the most money from the drug trade?
    • a. rural farmers
    • b. people who refine drugs
    • c. drug lords
    • d. antidrug officers
  2. Schematic table: Write the letter of each phrase in either column A or column B, based on which one it relates to according to the reading.
    A. Drug producers and dealersB. Antidrug forces
      
    • a. subtle ways of hiding drugs
    • b. sniffer dogs
    • c. high-tech detection
    • d. concentrate drugs to make them potent
    • e. pay farmers to grow plants that yield drugs
Answer Key
Answer Key
  1. c
  2. Column A:a,d,e Column B:b,c
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